The Leningrad School of Painting


CHRONOLOGY



1703

St. Petersburg is founded

1717

St. Petersburg is officially declared a new capital of Russia

1757

Upon the initiative of Count Ivan Shuvalov the Senate establishes Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. Initially, the Academy occupied I. Shuvalov’s mansion on Italianskaya street.

1762

Construction of Winter Palace designed by Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli is completed. Later this building will be occupied by the State Hermitage Museum.

1764

Academy of Arts is granted Privilege and Charter from the Empress Catherine the Great. The Privilege defined social status of artists and exempted them from taxation and military service. The Charter contained internal regulations and described the system of art education.

A Training School is founded at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. It functioned till 1840.

Construction of a new building for the Imperial Academy of Arts is started on the bank of the Neva river (the building will be completed in 1788). This building is presently occupied by the Ilya Repin Institute of Arts and Science and the Research Museum of the Russian Academy of Arts.

The Hermitage, the art museum of the imperial court in St. Petersburg, is founded. Catherine the Great makes first purchases for the future museum.


1802

Academy of Arts undergoes a reform. ‘Additional articles’ are introduced to its Charter. According to these articles, ‘the Academy is entitled to decorate the capitals and other cities’. All significant public constructions are entrusted to the Academy’s alumni.

1825

Construction of the Mikhailovsky Palace designed by Carlo Rossi is completed. Since 1898 this building will be occupied by the Russian Museum.

1830

The Academic Charter is amended again in order to turn the Academy into a higher education establishment. Eligibility terms include 14 year age, perfect reading and writing skills in Russian and French, and sound knowledge of mathematics. Applicants should also be able to copy human figures from prints and drawings and to sketch architectural orders.

1833

Architect Konstantin Thon designs the new quayside in front of the Academy and adorns it with two figures of granite Sphinxes, authentic archaeological finds discovered in the vicinity of Thebes, the ancient capital of Egypt.

1859

Academy of Arts undergoes a new reform. A new academic Charter is adopted. It sets up higher requirements for general education of students. All applicants for the Department of Architecture must be gymnasium graduates.

1863

The so called ‘revolt of the fourteen’ takes place. Fourteen students of the Academy headed by Ivan Kramskoi wrote petitions to the Academic Council asking to grant them free choice of subjects for their Major Gold Medal examination. Having received no positive response the students refused to enter the Major Gold Medal competition and demonstratively left the Academy to form community of artists called the St. Petersburg Artel' formally and financially independent from the Academy. However, they did not break up with the Academy for good. Later almost all them, including Ivan Kramskoi, received the titles of academicians.

1871
On 29 November the first exhibition of the Society for Traveling Art Exhibitions openes in the premises of the Academy. This was the first association of realist artists from Moscow and St. Petersburg independent from the Academy. Most of them were Academy alumni, including Ivan Kramskoi, Nikolai Ge, Ivan Shishkin, Ilya Repin, Vasily Surikov, Vasily Polenov, etc.

1872

Pavel Chistyakov starts teaching at the Academy of Arts. He will work at the Academy until his death becoming the most influential promoter of realist method in the academic school of painting. Ilya Repin, Victor Vasnetsov, Vasily Surikov, Valentin Serov, Mikhail Vrubel, Andrei Ryabushkin and others considered Pavel Chistyakov their teacher.

1879

The Central School of Engineering Design is established by Baron Alexander von Stieglitz in Solyanoi gorodok (borough) of St. Petersburg.

1884

Vladimiro-Mariinsky hospice (presently known as the Academic Dacha) starts functioning. This country estate with a park located on the bank of Msta River in the neighborhood of Vyshniy Volochek town will be used for summer work by the students of the Academy. It will exist till 1917 and, after a 30 year break, will resume functioning as a House of Artists in 1948.

1893

Imperial Academy of Arts undergoes another reform. A new Charter of the Academy taking effect in fall 1894 is adopted. According to the new Charter, the Academy entitled to “support, develop and disseminate art in Russia” is defined as the Assembly of 60 full members and 20 honorary members. Educational tasks are relegated to the Higher Art School affiliated with the Academy and headed by Rector.

1894

At the reformed Academy, leading realist artists, including Vladimir Makovski, Ilya Repin, Ivan Shishkin, Arkhip Kuindzhi, Alexei Kivshenko and later A. Kiselev, N. Dubovsky, V. Savinsky, D. Kardovsky, and N. Samokish are invited to run their own workshops.

1898

Alexander III Imperial Museum of Russian art is opened (called the State Russian Museum since 1917)

Art and literary magazine World of Art is founded. The first exhibition of the World of Art group of artists is organized in St. Petersburg by Sergei Dyagilev. Valentin Serov, Isaac Levitan, Mikhail Vrubel, Konstantin Korovin are among its participants.

1905

The Bloody Sunday of 9 January in St. Petersburg and beginning of the bourgeois-democratic revolution of 1905-1907. General political strike. On 17 October 1905 Tsar Nicholas II signs the Manifesto granting political freedoms and establishing the Duma as the central legislative body. Russia becomes constitutional monarchy.

Due to political disturbances among students the Academy is closed for a year in fall 1905.

1914

After Russia enters the World War I in August 1914, St. Petersburg is renamed Petrograd.

1917

The February revolution in Petrograd. Emperor Nicholas II abdicates the throne. The Provisional bourgeois government and the Petrograd Soviet (Council) of Workers and Soldiers are formed. Diarchy is established in the country.

On 14 September the Provisional Government declares Russia a republic.

October revolution in Petrograd. The Provisional government is blotted out. The Second Congress of the Soviets of Workers’, Soldiers’ and Peasants’ Deputies passes decrees On Peace and On Land and forms the first Soviet government called Council of People's Commissars headed by Vladimir Lenin. The Soviets seized power in other parts of Russia. Dictatorship of the proletariat is established.

On 12 November Winter Palace in Petrograd declared a state museum.


1918

On 3 March in Brest-Litovsk at the expense of enormous territorial concessions Soviet Russia sings a peace treaty with Germany making Russia’s exit from World War I.

On 12 April the Imperial Academy of Arts is dismissed by the resolution of the Council of People's Commissars (SovNarCom). The higher Art School affiliated with the former Imperial Academy of Arts is transformed into the Petrograd State Free Art Studios (PGSKhUM).

Decree On the Monuments of the Republic better known as the Lenin’s Plan of Monumental Propaganda is passed by the Council of People's Commissars on 12 April. This decree provides for the demolishment of monuments to ‘Tsars and their servants’ and prescribes “to design monuments to the Russian socialist revolution’.

Invasion of the Entante troops and occupation of Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Vladivostok, Odessa, Novorossiysk, Sevastopol, and Baku. Beginning of the foreign military intervention and Civil War.

On 3 June the Council of People's Commissars passes a decree requiring nationalization of Tretyakov gallery.

Soviet government moves from Petrograd to Moscow. The capital of Soviet state is ‘temporarily’ transferred to Moscow.

On 19 September the Council of People's Commissars passes a decree prohibiting exportation of art works and antiquities.

On 5 November and 19 December the Council of People's Commissars passes decrees requiring nationalization of Sergei Shchukin’s art gallery and collections of A. Morozov, I. Ostroukhov and V. Morozov.

1920

Liberation of Crimea and end of Civil War

1921

The New Economic Policy (NEP) permitting private property, private enterprise and free selling of the agriculture products surplus is declared. Monetary reform is effected, ruble becomes more valuable.

The Petrograd State Free Art Studios (PGSKhUM) are transformed into the Higher Art and Technical Studios (VKhuTeMas) affiliated with the re-established Academy of Fine Arts.

1922

Association of the Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR, called Association of Artists of the Revolution (AkhR) from 1928 till its closure in 1932) is organized in Moscow. The Association is the largest art organization in post-revolutionary Russia, with 40 regional representatives all over Russia. Nikolai Dormidontov was a head of the Petrograd branch of the Association.

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is formed. Moscow becomes the capital of the state.

1923

The Higher Art and Technical Studios (VKhuTeMas) are transformed into the Higher Art and Technical Institute (VKhuTeIn).

Exhibition of Painting by Petrograd Artists of All Movements. 1918-1923 is opened at the Academy of Fine Arts. The list of participants includes A. Samokhvalov, R. Frentz, A. Savinov, P. Filonov, I. Brodsky, S. Abugov, M. Avilov, M. Bobyshov, M. Platunov, A. Rylov, P. Naumov, V. Lebedev, I. Krestovsky, A. Pakhomov, V. Sukov, E. Cheptsov, M. Dobuzhinsky, I. Drozdov and others.

The Institute of Art Culture (InKhuK) affiliated with the Museum of Art Culture is established in Petrograd. Kazimir Malevich is elected director of the Institute.

1924

Vladimir Lenin, founder of Communist Party and the Soviet State, dies on 21 January.

On January 26 the second Congress of the USSR Soviets decrees that Petrograd should be renamed Leningrad.

The first exhibition of AKhRR takes place in Leningrad.

1925

The Institute of Art Culture is transformed into the State Institute of Art Culture (GInKhuK). Kazimir Malevich, Vladimir Tatlin and Mikhail Matyshin work as the heads of its experimental studios.

Pavel Filonov organizes a group of Analytical Painting Masters in Leningrad.

1926

Association of artists Circle of Artists is founded in Leningrad. A. Samokhvalov, V. Pakulin, A. Rusakov, A. Pakhomov and others belong to the circle.

The AKhRR exhibition entitled The Life of the USSR Peoples opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes M. Avilov, A. Arkhipov, I. Brodsky, A. Vakhrameev, A. Gerasimov, A. Lubimov, N. Dormidontov, A. Rylov, N. Feshin, V. Karev, V. Svarog, P. Kotov, B. Kustodiev, N. Samokish, I. Pavlov and others.

Monument to Vladimir Lenin is opened on the square in front of the Finnish railway station. This was the first completed monument to Lenin in the city.

1927

Regular Exhibition of the A. Kuindzhi Society is opened in the premises of the Society for Art Promotion. The list of participants includes P. Buchkin, A. Lubimov, A. Rylov, M. Platunov, V. Savinsky, E. Cheptsov and others.

Exhibition of the Latest Art Movements is opened at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes D. Burlyuk, M. Chagall, N. Goncharova, M. Larionov, V. Kandinsky, V. Tatlin, P. Miturich, A. Osmerkin, R. Falk, P. Konchalovsky and other masters.

Exhibition dedicated to the tenth anniversary of October revolution (1917-1927) opens at the Academy of Arts. The list of participants includes M. Bobyshov, P. Buchkin, V. Konashevich, K. Petrov-Vodkin, S. Priselkov, I. Stepashkin, V. Raevskaya, N. Rutkovsky, E. Cheptsov and others.

1928

Art exhibition organized by the State Commission for Purchase of Artists’ Works opens in Moscow. A. Samokhvalov, K. Malevich, K. Petrov-Vodkin, N. Altman, M. Bobyshov, V. Konashevich, B. Kustodiev, V. Pakulin, V. Tatlin, M. Platunov, A. Pahkomov, V. Savitsky and other artists from Leningrad are among the exponents.

Exhibition of Rudolf Frenz’s works is opened in the premises of Artists’ Commune.

Exhibition Contemporary Art Groups from Leningrad is the first venue to unite in a single exposition the works by members of the Leningrad department of AKhRR, The A. Kuindzhi Society, The Circle of Artists and the Four Arts group. The list of participants includes A. Samokhvalov, M. Avilov, A. Karev, V. Lebedev, V. Pakulin, K. Petrov-Vodkin, M. Platunov, A. Pochtenny, A. Rusakov, V. Svarog, N. Tyrsa and others.

1929

The first five-year plan of economic development is launched in the USSR. It is aimed at rapid building up Russia’s heavy industry.

Regular Exhibition of the A. Kuindzhi Society is opened at the Academy of Arts. The list of participants includes A. Lubimov, Yu. Neprintsev, I. Brodsky, I. Krestovsky, M. Avilov, M. Platunov, A. Rylov, V. Savinsky, I. Stepashkin and others.

Exhibition Contemporary and Applied Art of the Soviet Russia travels in the USA from New York to Philadelphia to Boston and Detroit.

1930

The Higher Art and Technical Institute (VKhuTeIn) is transformed into the Institute of Proletarian Art.

Death of Ilya Repin (1844 – 1930), outstanding Russian artist and pedagogue.

The First Exhibition of Leningrad Art opens in the premises of the Academy of Arts. It shows works by 239 artists, including M. Avilov, M. Bobyshov, I. Brodsky, A. Vedernikov, T. Glebova, A. Karev, B. Kustodiev, V. Malagis, A. Matveev, A. Pakhomov, K. Petrov-Vodkin, M. Platunov, A. Rylov, R. Frentz, E. Cheptsov and others.

Guild of Artists uniting four groups of artists (namely, The A. Kuindzhi Society, The Artists’ Commune, Society of Individualists, and Society of Painters) is established in Leningrad.

1932

Exhibition Soviet Art of the Reconstruction Period opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes I. Brodsky, A. Samokhvalov, R. Frentz, A. Pakhomov, A. Rylov, N. Dormidontov, V. Malagis and others.

In April the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks (TsKVKP(b)) passes a decree On the Restructuring of Art and Literary Organizations requiring dismissal of diversified art and literary organizations and groups and establishment of the integral ‘creative unions’.

The Leningrad department of the Union of Soviet Artists (LOSSKh) is set up in Leningrad. Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, famous painter and professor of the Academy of Arts, is elected its first chairman.

Alexander Samokhvalov creates his painting Girl in T-shirt.

The Institute of Proletarian Art is transformed into the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (called Ilya Repin Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture since 1944).

The All-Russia Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars pass a decree On the Establishment of the Academy of Arts.

The anniversary exhibition Artists of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the Last 15 Years opens at the State Russian Museum. It shows works by 357 artists, including I. Brodsky, A. Samokhvalov, S. Gerasimov, I. Grabar, A. Zaitsev, A. Karev, V. Konashevich, V. Kurdov, V. Lebedev, K. Malevich, E. Lansere, A. Matveev, A. Osmerkin, B. Ioganson, V. Pakulin, K. Petrov-Vodkin, K. Rudakov, V. Serov, P. Utkin, P. Filonov, V. Tatlin, K. Yuon, B. Yakovlev and others.


1933

On 2 April the government establishes the National Academy of Arts (VAKh).

First issues of new magazines Iskusstvo (Art) and Tvorchestvo (Creativity) focused on art and art education are published.

Report on the country’s economic performance during the fist five-year plan (1928-1932) is published. Industrial potential of the country has doubled, 1.5 thousand large industrial plants are built in the country, including motor works in Moscow, Gorky and Yaroslavl, tractor plants in Kharkov and Stalingrad, integrated iron-and-steel works in Siberia and Ural region. A water-power station is launched on the Dnepr river, new mines and collieries are opened in Donets Basin (Donbass) and Kazakhstan. The problem of unemployment is resolved in the USSR.

Exhibition 15 Years of the Red Army (RKKA) opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes M. Avilov, I. Brodsky, P. Buchkin, A. Samokhvalov, A. Lubimov, R. Frentz, N. Dormidontov, I. Drozdov, B. Ioganson, D. Kardovsky, S. Gerasimov, V. Oreshnikov, A. Savinov, E. Cheptsov and other Leningrad artists.


1934

Exhibition Women Building Up Socialism opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes V. Belakovskaya, A. Samokhvalov, P. Buchkin, I. Brodsky, S. Vengerovskaya, M. Vikhreva, V. Gubanova, T. Zhirmunskaya, I. Kolesova, G. Lange, A. Lyubimova, K. Malevich, V. Malagis, Ya. Nikolaev, M. Platunov, K. Rudakov, L. Timoshenko, L. Shervud, E. Evenbach and others.

Upon the decision of the 17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks (VKP(b)), the second five-year plan (1933-1937) is launched in the USSR. It provides for the completion of the country’s industrial reconstruction and collectivization of agriculture. The plan requires further expansion of production and industrial growth.

Isaac Brodsky, the honoured artist of the RSFSR and Ilya Repin’s disciples, is appointed director of the national Academy of Arts and the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

Isaac Brodsky’s retro shows in Moscow and Leningrad.

The School for Young Talents affiliated with the Academy of Arts starts working. Soon, it will be renamed Secondary Art School.

Sergei Kirov, first secretary of the Leningrad committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks is mortally wounded on 1 December at his office in Smolny.


1935

The First General Exhibition of Leningrad Artists since the foundation of the Leningrad Union of Artists opens at the State Russian Museum. Over a thousand of works mainly created within the last three years are represented in the exposition. Most of participants are painters, including P. Buchkin, R. Frentz, A. Samokhvalov, I. Brodsky, K. Petrov-Vodkin, A. Rylov, K. Malevich, E. Cheptsov, N. Dormidontov, M. Avilov and many others.


1936

First students graduated the re-organized Academy. Exhibition of diploma works opens at the Academy of Arts.

Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin’s retro shows in Moscow and Leningrad.

The Fall Exhibition of Leningrad Artists opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes N. Kostrov, A. Samokhvalov, S. Nevelshtein, A. Zaitsev, V. Oreshnikov, M. Platunov and others.

New USSR Constitution is adopted in December.


1937

Sculptor Matvei Manizer is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists. He takes over the office of Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin.

Isaac Brodsky wins the Grand Prix of the International Exhibition in Paris for his painting Vladimir Lenin’s Speech at the Putilov Plant.

Alexander Samokhvalov wins the Grand Prix of the International Exhibition in Paris for his panel Soviet Sport made for the Soviet pavilion, another Grand Prix for his illustrations of Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin’s The History of a Town and the Major Gold Medal for his painting Girl in T-shirt.

Exhibition of diploma works by the 1937 Academy graduates opens at the Academy of Arts in December. Among its 42 participants, there are A. Aslamazyan, A. Brindarov, Z. Brozgol, N. Volodimirov, A. Debler, E. Zaitsev, P. Ivanovsky, G. Pavlovsky, S. Pozdnyakov, L. Sholokhov, S. Yunovich, I. Kalashnikov and others.


1938

Art exhibition 20 Years of Red Army and Navy opens in Moscow on 6 May. Among its 256 participants, there are M. Avilov, P. Belousov, I. Brodsky, P. Buchkin, A. Lubimov, Y. Neprintsev, R. Frentz, N. Dormidontov, I. Drozdov, A. Zhaba, M. Kopeikin, V. Kremer, A. Laktionov, A. Rylov, G. Savitsky, N. Samokish, V. Svarog, V. Serov, E. Cheptsov and other Leningrad artists.

Report on the country’s economic performance during the second five-year plan (1933-1937) is published. 4.5 thousand of significant industrial plants are built, including such giants as metallurgic works Azovstal, Zaporozhstal, Krivorozhstal, machine-tool plants in Novo-Lipetsk and Moscow, a wagon works in the Urals region, a pipe casting plant in Mogilev, metallurgic works in Tula, new oilfields in Azerbaidzhan, etc. Mechanical engineering becomes the leading branch of the Soviet economy. The USSR aggregate industrial output is the second largest in the world after the USA; the USSR economy outperforms the economies of Germany and Great Britain.

Exhibition of diploma works by the 1938 Academy graduates opens at the Academy of Arts. Among its participants, there are Y. Neprintsev, P. Vasiliev, M. Zheleznov, A. Zarubin, A. Kazantsev, A. Laktionov and others.


1939

The All-Union Exhibition of Young Artists Dedicated to the 20th Anniversary of Komsomol opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. Among its participants, there are P. Belousov, P. Vasiliev, N. Veselova, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, A. Levitin, Y. Neprintsev, A. Lubimov, T. Pushnin, E. Tabakova, A. Troshichev, V. Chekalov and other Leningrad artists.

The all-Union art exhibition The Industry of Socialism opens in Moscow. The list of participants includes I. Brodsky, P. Buchkin, N. Ionin, I. Krestovsky, A. Laktionov, A. Lubimov, M. Platunov, R. Frentz and other Leningrad artists.

Exhibition of diploma works by the 1939 Academy graduates opens at the Academy of Arts. Among its participants, there are N. Timkov, P. Belousov, E. Skuin, N. Andretsov, K. Belokurov, L. Ostrova and others.

The first meeting of the Organization Committee of the All-Union Congress of the USSR Artists takes place in Moscow. Its works is to be interrupted by the war and then resumed to be finished in 1957.

Death of Isaac Brodsky, director of the national Academy of Arts and the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

On 1 September Germany invades Poland. World War II breaks out.

Annexation of the western regions of Byelorussia and Ukraine taken by Poland during the Russian-Polish war of 1920. These territories are merged in the USSR as parts of Byelorussian and Ukrainian Soviet Socialist republics.

War between the USSR and Finland breaks out on 30 November. It will continue till March 1940. According to the peace treaty, Finland will cede significant territories on Karelian Isthmus, thus moving the USSR borderline to the north from Leningrad.


1940

Isaac Brodsky’s memorial apartment opens in Leningrad. It becomes a part of the Academy of Arts Museum. Permanent exhibition launched in the apartment shows Brodsky’s collection of Russian artists’ paintings donated to the Museum by Brodsky’s family after his death.

Ilya Repin’s memorial estate Penaty becomes a part of the Academy of Arts Museum. Temporal exposition opens in the estate.

Exhibition of diploma works by the 1940 Academy graduates opens at the Academy of Arts. Among its participants, there are M. Natarevich, G. Savinov, A. Bantikov, O. Bogaevskaya, A. Dashkevich and others.


1941

Exhibition of the Best Works by Soviet Artists opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery. The list of participants includes A. Samokhvalov, K. Petrov-Vodkin, G. Pavlovsky, I. Serebryany, R. Frentz, P. Shillingovsky, A. Laktionov, I. Brodsky and other Leningrad artists.

The Second Exhibition of Diploma Works by the 1940 Art Institutes Graduates opens in Moscow. Among its participants, there are G. Savinov, O. Bogaevskaya, M. Natarevich, A. Bantikov, D. Alkhovsky, N. Neratova and other alumni of the Repin Institute.

On 22 June the fascist Germany invades the USSR. The Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) broke out.

In July, over a million of most valuable exhibits from the collections of the State Hermitage and the State Russian Museum are evacuated to the east from Leningrad.

On 10 July defense of Leningrad starts. Volunteer corps is formed to assist the regular army.

On 4 September the regular shelling of Leningrad began. It will continue till January 1944. Massive bombing starts on 6 September.

On 8 September, the last land connection to the besieged Leningrad is severed.

In November an ice road over Lake Ladoga, the Road of Life, is established. This is the only route to connect Leningrad with the rest of the country.

In December, 38 Academy of Arts graduates defended their diploma works in the besieged Leningrad. To do that, they were ordered home from the front line.

1942

In January The First Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists during the Great Patriotic War opens in the besieged city.

In February the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture and the Secondary Art School are evacuated via the Road of Life first to the Soviet-controlled opposite coast of Ladoga and then to Samarkand.

Medal For Defense of Leningrad is instituted.

The Leningrad première of the Seventh Symphony by Dmitry Shostakovich, also known as the Leningrad Symphony is given on 8 August by the Leningrad Radio Orchestra under Karl Eliasberg.

Igor Grabar is appointed director of the national Academy of Arts and the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

In August, exhibition Works by Leningrad Artists during the Great Patriotic War opens at the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow.


1943

On 18January due to a full-scale offensive of the Red Army troops a land corridor to the besieged Leningrad is opened.

On 2 February, the remnants of the German forces encircled in Stalingrad surrender. This marks the fundamental change in the course of the war.

In May, The Spring Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

On August 23 the battle of Kursk, the largest battle of the World War II, is successfully ended by the Red Army’s re-capturing Kharkov. Strategic initiative in the war is taken over by the Red Army.

On 8 November the all-Union art exhibition The Heroic Front and Rear opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. The list of participants includes M. Bobyshov, N. Timkov, V. Malagis, I. Serebryany, V. Serov, L. Frolova-Bagreeva, V. Kurdov and other Leningrad artists.

On 23 November The First Exhibition of Works by the Artists of the Leningrad Front opens at the Central House of Red Army in Moscow. Among its 42 participants, there is N. Timkov, Y. Neprintsev, L. Orekhov, A. Samokhvalov, G. Savinov, N. Andretsov, M. Zheleznov, M. Platunov, I. Skorobogatov, A. Troshichev and others.


1944

On January 27 the siege of Leningrad is lifted. It lasted 900 days and nights.

Exhibition Heroic Defense of Leningrad, the largest art show in the war period, opens on Solyanoi lane in Leningrad. The exposition has been prepared by a number of Leningrad artists who were ordered home from the front line for this very purpose. Among them, there were A. Blinkov, A. Bantikov, N. Timkov, Y. Neprintsev, Y. Nikolaev, G. Savinov, V. Sokolov, T. Ksenofontov, N. Rutkovsky, I. Serebryany and others.

On 18 July the national Academy of Arts, the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture and the Secondary Art School return to the city from evacuation.

The Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture is named after Ilya Repin.

The Second Exhibition of Works by Artists of the Leningrad Front opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes N. Timkov, A. Troshichev, Y. Neprintsev, L. Orekhov, A. Sokolov, B. Kotik, A. Bantikov, G. Savinov and others.

Fascist troops are cleared from the territory of the USSR. Liberation of Eastern and Central Europe from the fascist occupation starts.


1945

In February the Industrial Art College (that will soon be transformed into the Vera Mukhina Higher Art Industrial College) opens in Leningrad. The college trains monumentalists and restorers who are to rebuild museums and palaces of Leningrad and its world-famous suburbs – Pavlovsk, Pushkin, Petrodvorets (Peterhof) and others – destroyed during the war.

The Yalta conference between the heads of governments of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union arrives at important decisions with regard to the completion of the war against the fascist Germany and the militarist Japan and defines the postwar world order.

The battle of Berlin, encirclement and assault of Berlin by the Soviet Army. On 8 May Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov signs the final German Act of Unconditional Surrender in the Berlin outskirt of Karlshorst.

On 9 May the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people is victoriously completed.

On June 24 the historic Victory Parade takes place on the Red Square in Moscow.

The Soviet Army takes part in defeating the militarist Japan.


1946

On 19 January the all-Union art exhibition opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery. The list of participants includes A. Samokhvalov, M. Avilov, K. Belokurov, S. Zakharov, M. Zubreeva, A. Laktionov, S. Nevelshtein, M. Platunov, K. Rudakov and other Leningrad artists.

On 9 May the State Russian Museum is opened for the public after the restoration.

The Exhibition of the Academy of Arts Graduate Students opens at the Academy of Arts. The list of participants includes T. Afonina, A. Mozhaev, A. Mylnikov, N. Shteinmiller, A. Kuznetsov, V. Sokolov and others.


1947

Upon the decision of the national government the national Academy of Arts is renamed the USSR Academy of Arts. Alexander Gerasimov is elected its president. He will remain the head of the Academy till 1957.

Professor Alexander Zaitsev is appointed Rector of the Ilya Repin Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

E. Moiseenko, M. Anikushin, L. Bogomolets, I. Veselkin, A. Koroviakov and others graduate from the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

Alexander Laktionov creates his painting A Letter from the Front.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists takes place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes T. Afonina, O. Bogaevskaya, V. Gorb, M. Zubreeva, A. Zaitsev, N. Kostrov, S. Zakharov, A. Lubimov, N. Timkov, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, S. Osipov, Y. Neprintsev, M. Natarevich, R. Frentz, N. Shteinmiller, S. Nevelshtein, A. Kostrova and others.

In November the all-Union art exhibition opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. The list of participants includes Y. Neprintsev, M. Natarevich, A. Samokhvalov, R. Frentz, G. Savinov, P. Buchkin, S. Nevelshtein, G. Pavlovsky, V. Pakulin, V. Oreshnikov, V. Serov, I. Serebryany and other Leningrad artists.


1948

House of Artists Academic Dacha is opened.

Exhibition of the works of Leningrad artists travels through Siberia and Far East (venues in Khabarovsk, Omsk and Novosibirsk).

Painter Yaroslav Nikolaev is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

On 26 December annual exhibition of the works by Leningrad artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. This is the first large exhibition of the postwar period. The list of participants includes T. Afonina, V. Gorb, S. Zakharov, M. Zubreeva, A. Lubimov, A. Mylnikov, M. Natarevich, S. Osipov, L. Ostrova, Y. Nikolaev, G. Pavlovsky, V. Oreshnikov, G. Savinov, I. Serebryany, V. Serov, N. Timkov, R. Frentz and others.


1949

Annual exhibition of paintings, sculpture and graphic works of 1947-1948 opens in January. The list of participants includes E. Baykova, L. Bogomolets, P. Buchkin, A. Lubimov, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, Y. Neprintsev, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, N. Timkov, R. Frentz and others.

Alexander Lubimov’s solo exhibition opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

R. Vovkushevsky, I. Godlevsky, M. Rudnitskaya, V. Teterin and others graduate form the Repin Institute.

The Soviet Union successfully tests its first atomic bomb. The end of the USA nuclear monopoly.


1950

N. Veselova, E. Antipova, V. Zagonek, T. Kopnina, Y. Tulin, N. Medovikov, A. Vasiliev, N. Mukho, A. Pushnin, A. Sokolov and others graduate form the Repin Institute.

In December the all-Union art exhibition opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. The list of participants includes A. Vasiliev, N. Veselova, A. Gulyaev, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, N. Medovikov, E. Moiseenko, A. Mylnikov, M. Natarevich, Y. Nikolaev, I. Savenko, L. Tkachenko, Y. Tulin, R. Frentz, B. Kharchenko and other artists from Leningrad.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists opens at the State Russian Museum. Among its 224 participants, there are V. Bazhenov, R. Vovkushevsky, P. Derbizova, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, N. Kostrov, A. Kostrova, E. Moiseenko, M. Natarevich, Y. Neprintsev, Y. Nikolaev, S. Osipov, V. Petrova, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, Y. Tulin, R. Frentz and others.


1951

Yury Neprintsev paints his Rest After the Battle. Vasily Terkin.

Painter Vasily Sokolov is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Exhibition of diploma works of the Repin Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture graduates opens at the Academy of Arts. The list of participants includes N. Baskakov, A. Eremin, M. Kaneev, M. Kopitseva, A. Parkhomenko, A. Sokolov, M. Trufanov, B. Ugarov and others.

On 15 July exhibition of works by six young painters N. Veselova, A. Gulyaev, V. Zagonek, A. Pushnin, L. Tkachenko, and Y. Tulin opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

In November an exhibition of works by Leningrad artists is opened at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes V. Bazhenov, P. Belousov, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, V. Gorb, N. Kostrov, M. Natarevich, Y. Neprintsev, S. Osipov, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, Y. Tulin, R. Frentz, R. Zakharian, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov and others.

In December the all-Union art exhibition opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. The list of participants includes V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, P. Buchkin, N. Veselova, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, N. Kostrov, M. Natarevich, Y. Neprintsev, A. Pushnin, V. Seleznev, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, R. Frentz and other artists from Leningrad.


1952

I. Baldina, O. Lomakin, E. Kostenko, I. Razdrogin, I. Penteshin, B. Korneev, P. Fomin, V. Sidorov, A. Grushko, M. Kozlovskaya, B. Lavrenko, V. Chekalov and other painters graduate form the Repin Institute.

Upon the decision of the 19th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks the party is renamed The Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The Congress approves of the basic parameters of the five year plan for 1951-1955.

In November an exhibition of works by Leningrad artists is opened at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, P. Buchkin, R. Vovkushevsky, R. Zakharian, V. Zagonek, E. Kostenko, N. Kostrov, A. Kostrova, B. Lavrenko, P. Litvinsky, O. Lomakin, V. Malagis, A. Mozhaev, N. Petrolli, A. Pushnin, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, A. Semionov, E. Skuin, I. Sorokin, M. Tkachev, L. Tkachenko, Y. Tulin, N. Shteinmiller and others.

On 21 November, the all-Union art exhibition opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. The list of participants includes V. Bazhenov, D. Belyaev, P. Buchkin, N. Veselova, V. Zagonek, A. Pushnin, I. Savenko, G. Savinov and other artists from Leningrad.

On 23 November, exhibition of sketches by Leningrad artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, E. Baykova, O. Bogaevskaya, P. Buchkin, R. Vovkushevsky, R. Zakharian, A. Ketov, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, G. Kotiantz, A. Mylnikov, S. Nevelshtein, I. Savenko, A. Semionov, E. Skuin, V. Teterin, Y. Tulin, B. Utechin, B. Fogel, S. Frolov, N. Shteinmiller and others.

1953

On 5 March, Joseph Stalin dies. Nikita Khrushchev is elected the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the USSR Communist Party.

Victor Oreshnikov is appointed Rector of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. He will remain the head of the Institute till 1979.

The Spring Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes V. Bazhenov, N. Kostrov, I. Savenko, E. Skuin, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, R. Frentz and others.


1954

The Spring Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, N. Baskakov, N. Galakhov, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, B. Lavrenko, I. Lavsky, G. Malish, A. Mozhaev, N. Mukho, S. Nevelshtein, Y. Neprintsev, S. Osipov, L. Russov, I. Savenko, A. Semionov, V. Seleznev, E. Skuin, M. Tkachev, N. Timkov, B. Kharchenko, A. Shmidt and others.

Exhibition Soviet Art travels through China from Peking to Shanghai, Canton and Guangzhou. The list of participants includes V. Zagonek, B. Korneev, A. Laktionov, Y. Neprintsev, I. Savenko, V. Serov, Y. Tulin and other artists from Leningrad.

World’s first atomic power station to generate electricity on an industrial scale starts operating in the USSR.

Painter Joseph Serebryany is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

In November exhibition of works by Leningrad artists opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, A. Vasiliev, R. Vovkushevsky, A. Grushko, M. Kozell, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, M. Kozlovskaya, B. Lavrenko, D. Maevsky, E. Moiseenko, V. Ovchinnikov, N. Petrolli, L. Russov, A. Semionov, E. Skuin, I. Sorokin, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, Y. Tulin, A. Shmidt and others.


1955

The all-Union art exhibition opens at the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. The list of participants includes V. Bazhenov, P. Belousov, N. Veselova, A. Ketov, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, B. Lavrenko, E. Moiseenko, Y. Neprintsev, S. Nevelshtein, M. Natarevich, V. Ovchinnikov, V. Oreshnikov, A. Samokhvalov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov and other artists from Leningrad.

Mikhail Trufanov paints his The Furnace Worker. This painting wins Gold Medal at the 5th World Festival of Youth and Students in Warsaw.

In July, The Spring Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, P. Vasiliev, V. Gorb, V. Zagonek, A. Eremin, R. Zakharian, M. Kopitseva, G. Kotiantz, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, N. Mukho, K. Molteninov, S. Osipov, L. Orekhov, L. Russov, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, Y. Tulin, B. Ugarov and others.

The first line of Leningrad subway starts operating.


1956

Painters E. Kozlov, L. Fokin, P. Nazarov, A. Nenartovich, N. Pozdneev and others graduate from the Ilya Repin Institute.

The Spring Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, I. Baldina, P. Vasiliev, A. Eremin, M. Kopitseva, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, L. Russov, S. Osipov, L. Orekhov, N. Timkov, Y. Tulin, A. Shmidt, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, N. Mukho, V. Zagonek, B. Ugarov and others.

The 20th Congress of the USSR Communist Party. Nikita Khrushchev makes his famous Secret Speech denouncing the "cult of personality" that surrounded Stalin.

On 5 December, The Fall Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes P. Alberti, T. Afonina, I. Baldina, V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, Y. Belov, P. Belousov, L. Bogomolets, P. Buchkin, P. Vasiliev, I. Veselkin, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, V. Gorb, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, M. Zubreeva, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, M. Kozlovskaya, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, A. Koroviakov, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, Y. Krestovsky, N. Kostrov, L. Russov, D. Maevsky, A. Mozhaev, N. Mukho, O. Lomakin, A. Mylnikov, S. Nevelshtein, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, V. Seleznev, A.N. Semionov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, M. Trufanov, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, A. N. Semionov, A. M. Semionov, E. Skuin, Y. Shablikin, B. Shamanov, A. Shmidt, N. Shteinmiller, B. Shamanov, S. Frolov and others.


1957

In February, Exhibition of Painting, Sculpture and Graphic Works Timed to the First All-Union Congress of Soviet Artists opens in Moscow. The list of participants includes M. Anikushin, S. Zakharov, N. Kostrov, E. Moiseenko, A. Mylnikov, M. Natarevich, Y. Nikolaev, V. Oreshnikov, A. Parkhomenko, G. Savinov, I. Savenko, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, Y. Tulin, B. Ugarov and other artists from Leningrad.

Mikhail Anikushin’s monument to Alexander Pushkin is opened on the square in front of the State Russian Museum in Leningrad.

G. Rumiantseva, I. Glazunov, V. Prohskin, Z. Bizova, I. Varichev, E. Gorokhova, O. Yeremeev, V. Malevsky, D. Oboznenko and other artists graduated from the Ilya Repin Institute.

The First All-Union Congress of Soviet Artists takes place in Moscow. It establishes the USSR Union of Artists that unites over 13 thousand professional artists from all republics and of all specializations.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists dedicated to the 40th anniversary of October Revolution opens at the State Russian Museum. Among its 600 participants, there are E. Antipova, V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, A. Vasiliev, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, A. Grushko, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, M. Zubreeva, M. Kaneev, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, Ya. Krestovsky, A. Koroviakov, N. Kostrov, B. Korneev, S. Osipov, V. Ovchinnikov, G. Malish, D. Maevsky, E. Moiseenko, N. Mukho, M. Platunov, N. Pozdneev, L. Russov, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, N. Timkov, M. Trufanov, M. Tkachev, Y. Tulin, S. Frolov, V. Teterin, L. Tkachenko, B. Shamanov, L. Fokin, V. Chekalov, A. Shmidt, N. Shteinmiller and others.

On 4 October the first artificial satellite is launched in the USSR. This marks the beginning of space exploration era.

The all-Union art exhibition dedicated to the 40th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution opens in Moscow. Among its 2,142 participants, there are I. Baldina, V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, P. Buchkin, Z. Bizova, I. Varichev, N. Veselova, N. Galakhov, E. Gorokhova, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, M. Zubreeva, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, B. Lavrenko, E. Moiseenko, A. Mylnikov, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, Y. Neprintsev, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, N. Pozdneev, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, V. Sakson, A.M. Semionov, A. Samokhvalov, F. Smirnov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, N. Shteinmiller and other artists from Leningrad.

Publishing house The RSFSR Artist is instituted; periodicals Artist, Creativity, Applied Arts in the USSR are established.

The icebreaker Lenin, the world's first nuclear powered surface ship, is launched at the Admiralteisky wharfs in Leningrad.

Exhibition 200 Years of the USSR Academy of Arts opens at the Academy of Arts. The list of participants includes O. Bogaevskaya, A. Vasiliev, I. Veselkin, E. Moiseenko, A. Mylnikov, Y. Neprintsev, V. Oreshnikov, L. Ostrova, I. Razdrogin, G. Savinov, V. Sakson, E. Tabakova, M. Trufanov and other Leningrad artists.


1958

On 21 February, art exhibition 40 Years of the Soviet Army opens in the premises of the USSR Academy of Arts in Moscow. The list of participants includes M. Avilov, A. Bantikov, S. Babkov, Y. Neprintsev, M. Zubreeva, I. Brodsky, V. Oreshnikov, I. Serebryany, N. Timkov, R. Frentz and other artists from Leningrad.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the city.

Boris Ioganson is elected the president of the USSR Academy of Arts. He will remain at the head of the Academy till 1962.

On 18 October the all-Union art exhibition 40 Years of Komsomol opens at the Central Exhibition Hall in Moscow. The list of participants includes N. Baskakov, O. Betekhtin, O. Bogaevskaya, Z. Bizova, I. Varichev, N. Veselova, N. Galakhov, E. Gorokhova, V. Zagonek, M. Kozlovskaya, B. Lavrenko, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, D. Oboznenko, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, Y. Tulin, B. Ugarov and other artists from Leningrad.

Yury Tulin’s painting Lena, 1912 wins Grand Prix of the International Exhibition in Brussels.

In October, The Fall Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes T. Afonina, N. Baskakov, Y. Belov, Y. Besperstov, Z. Bizova, A. Vasiliev, R. Vovkushevsky, I. Godlevsky, A. Eremin, A. Grushko, M. Kozlovskaya, T. Kopnina, A. Kochetkov, P. Litvinsky, V. Larina, O. Lomakin, G. Malish, N. Medovikov, L. Milova, A. Mozhaev, Y. Neprintsev, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, M. Rudnitskaya, L. Russov, G. Savinov, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, K. Slavin, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, Y. Tulin, B. Fogel, S. Frolov, L. Fokin, B. Shamanov, N. Shteinmiller and other artists.

Painter Vasily Sokolov is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.


1959

Yuri Neprintsev’s solo exhibitions in Leningrad, Moscow, Sverdlovsk, Gorky and Saratov.

Traveling exhibition of works by Leningrad artists opens in Murmansk. The list of participants includes I. Baldina, V. Bazhenov, L. Bogomolets, N. Galakhov, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, M. Kaneev, M. Kopitseva, A. Koroviakov, E. Maltsev, G. Malish, E. Moiseenko, V. Rudnev, E. Skuin, V. Teterin, Y. Tulin, B. Shamanov and others.

The Luna-3 spacecraft successfully sent to the Moon by the Soviet Union makes the first lunar flyby in the world. First photographs of the Moon’s far side are obtained and the images transmitted to the earth.


1960

Opening of the memorial monument at the Piskarevskoe cemetery in Leningrad. Over 600 thousand citizens who died from shelling, starvation and exposure during the fascists’ siege of Leningrad in 1941-1944 are buried there.

The RSFSR Union of Artists is formed. The Leningrad Union of Artists becomes its Leningrad regional department.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes T. Afonina, P. Alberti, E. Antipova, V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, Z. Bizova, N. Galakhov, V. Gorb, A. Grushko, I. Varichev, R. Vovkushevsky, A. Eremin, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, M. Kozlovskaya, B. Korneev, A. Koroviakov, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, Y. Krestovsky, I. Lavsky, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, N. Mukho, P. Nazarov, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, B. Petrov, M. Rudnitskaya, I. Savenko, V. Sakson, A. Samokhvalov, A.N. Semionov, E. Skuin, A. M. Semionov, A. Sokolov, A. Stolbov, G. Tatarnikov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, Y. Shablikin, B. Shamanov, A. Shmidt, V. Zagonek, R. Zakharian and others.

Exhibition Contemporary Soviet Art travels through Berlin, Leipzig and Dresden.

The republican exhibition Soviet Russia opens in Moscow. The list of participants includes Y. Belov, G. Rumiantseva, V. Bazhenov, L. Baykov, I. Baldina, P. Buchkin, A. Vasiliev, I. Veselkin, N. Veselova, N. Galakhov, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, B. Lavrenko, I. Lavsky, A. Levitin, P. Litvinsky, O. Lomakin, G. Malish, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, N. Pozdneev, A. Pushnin, G. Savinov, V. Sakson, A. Samokhvalov, V. Seleznev, I. Serebryany, G. Smirnova, N. Timkov, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, B. Ugarov, N. Shteinmiller and other Leningrad artists.

Exhibition Contemporary Art opens in Montreal, Canada.

Exhibition Russian and Soviet Art opens in Paris, France.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes P. Alberti, G. Rumiantseva, E. Antipova, T. Afonina, V. Bazhenov, I. Baldina, N. Baskakov, Y. Belov, P. Buchkin, Z. Bizova, I. Varichev, A. Vasiliev, V. Vatenin, N. Veselova, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, V. Gorb, E. Gorokhova, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, A. Koroviakov, G. Kotiantz, V. Krantz, Y. Krestovsky, B. Lavrenko, V. Larina, I. Lavsky, P. Litvinsky, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, N. Mukho, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, A. Nenartovich, S. Nevelshtein,  V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, A. Pushnin, L. Russov, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, Y. Shablikin, A. Shmidt, E. Skuin, G. Smirnova, A. Sokolov, A. Stolbov, N. Timkov, V. Teterin, M. Tkachev, L. Tkachenko, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, V. Chekalov, B. Shamanov, N. Shteinmiller and others.


1961

On 12 April Yury Gagarin completed the world’s first manned flight into space piloting the Soviet spacecraft Vostok.

The 22nd Congress of the CPSU takes place in Moscow. It votes for the third Party’s program that provides for building up communist society in the USSR. The program sees art and culture as important means of the new man formation. The program sees that the material and technical basis of communism is largely created by 1980.

The famous House of Artists is built on Pesochnaya embankment in Leningrad. This 5-storey building is made up of 55 apartments and over 100 studios for sculptors, painters and graphic artists. In 1960s-1980s, following artists lived and worked in this building: A. Eremin, I. Baldina, B. Korneev, M. Kozlovskaya, S. Nevelshtein, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, D. Maevsky, N. Timkov, M. Natarevich, A.N. Semionov, M. Kaneev, Y. Khukhov, P. Buchkin, D. Buchkin, A.M. Semionov, E. Kostenko and others.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes P. Alberti, E. Antipova, T. Afonina, V. Bazhenov, I. Baldina, N. Baskakov, Y. Belov, Z. Bizova, I. Varichev, A. Vasiliev, P. Vasiliev, V. Vatenin, N. Galakhov, E. Gorokhova, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, M. Zubreeva, M. Kaneev, M. Klionsky, T. Kopnina, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, B. Korneev, G. Kotiantz, Y. Krestovsky, V. Larina, B. Lavrenko, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, V. Malevsky, E. Moiseenko, A. Mozhaev, N. Mukho, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, A. Nenartovich, S. Nevelshtein, S. Osipov, V. Ovchinnikov, B. Petrov, N. Pozdneev, A. Pushnin, A. Romanov, M. Rudnitskaya, L. Russov, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, V. Sakson, A. Samokhvalov, A. N. Semionov, A. M. Semionov, E. Skuin, G. Smirnova, A. Sokolov, A. Stolbov, Y. Shablikin, B. Shamanov, A. Shmidt, N. Shteinmiller, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, L. Yazgur and others.


1962

Vladimir Serov is elected the President of the USSR Academy of Arts. He will remain at the head of the Academy till 1968.

Nikita Khrushchev and other Party leaders attend the exhibition of Moscow artists dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Moscow Union of Artists. Severe criticism of the avant-gardist works presented at the exhibition.

Mikhail Anikushin is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

The Fall Exhibition of Works by Leningrad Artists opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, P. Alberti, T. Afonina, I. Baldina, Y. Belov, N. Baskakov, I. Varichev, A. Vasiliev, V. Vatenin, R. Vovkushevsky, V. Gavrilov, N. Galakhov, V. Gorb, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, M. Kaneev, A. Koroviakov, M. Kozell, M. Kozlovskaya, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, Y. Krestovsky, B. Lavrenko, I. Lavsky, V. Larina, O. Lomakin, G. Malish, N. Mukho, V. Nazina, P. Nazarov, M. Natarevich, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, L. Orekhov, N. Pozdneev, I. Savenko, A.N. Semionov, G. Savinov, A.M. Semionov, E. Skuin, A. Sokolov, A. Stolbov, A. Tatarenko, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, N. Shteinmiller and others.


1963

The all-Union art exhibition Sport in Art opens in Moscow.

Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman to travel into space. She pilots the Vostok spacecraft.

Alexander Samokhvalov’s solo exhibition opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.


1964

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes P. Alberti, E. Antipova, T. Afonina, E. Baykova, Y. Belov, Z. Bizova, P. Buchkin, I. Varichev, P. Vasiliev, V. Vatenin, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev. A. Eremin, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, G. Kotiantz, B. Lavrenko, V. Larina, P. Litvinsky, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, N. Mukho, P. Nazarov, V. Nazina, Y. Neprintsev, A. Nenartovich, S. Osipov, V. Ovchinnikov, D. Oboznenko, N. Pozdneev, A. Pushnin, S. Rotnitsky, G. Rumiantseva, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, A.N. Semionov, A. M. Semionov, E. Skuin, G. Smirnova, A. Sokolov, I. Sorokin, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, M. Trufanov, V. Tulenev, Y. Tulin, Y. Khukhov, V. Chekalov, Y. Shablikin, B. Shamanov, A. Shmidt, N. Shteinmiller, L. Yazgur and others.

Exhibition Heroic Defense of Leningrad During the Great Patriotic War in the Works of Leningrad Artists is dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the siege lifting.

Samuil Nevelshtein’s and Nikolai Timkov’s solo shows open in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Exhibition of Soviet art opens in Genoa, Italy.

The Second all-Union Congress of Artists takes place in Moscow.

Exhibition of Soviet art opens in Warsaw, Poland.

Nikita Khrushchev’s retirement from the positions of the Party leader and the head of the government. Leonid Brezhnev is elected the first secretary of the Party’s Central Committee while Alexei Kosygin is appointed the head of the government.


1965

The all-Union art exhibition Standing on Guard of Peace dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the Soviet victory in the Great Patriotic War opens in Moscow.

Exhibition of works by artists who perished during the siege of Leningrad and at the fronts of the Great Patriotic War opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

The second republican art exhibition Soviet Russia takes place in Moscow.

The Spring Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens at the State Russian Museum.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists takes place in Kiev.

Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR awards the city of Leningrad the Gold Star medal, thus confirming the titles of Hero City Leningrad was awarded during the war.


1966

Guaranteed wage system is introduced at the Leningrad Union of Artists. Since this moment, artists are paid a monthly wage of 150-200 rubles, which was the average wage in industry at the time. About 500 artists of all specializations benefit from the innovation. A painter was required to submit two new accomplished works by the end of each year.

Arseny Semionov’s solo exhibition opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

The Fall Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.


1967

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution opens at the State Russian Museum.

Eugenia Antipova’s, Victor Teterin’s, Vladimir Gorb’s and Leo Bogomolets’ solo shows open in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

The second all-Union art exhibition Sport in Art takes place in Moscow.

Exhibition 50 Years of Soviet Painting takes place in Tokyo, Japan.

Exhibition Russian Art from the Scythians to Modern Time opens in Paris, France.

The third republican art exhibition Soviet Russia takes place in Moscow. The list of participants includes N. Baskakov, I. Varichev, I. Veselkin, N. Galakhov, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, M. Kaneev, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, Y. Krestovsky, B. Lavrenko, O. Lomakin, E. Moiseenko, V. Nazina, Y. Neprintsev, S. Nevelshtein, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, Y. Khukhrov, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, V. Pimenov, A. Pushnin, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Trufanov, V. Tokarev, V. Tulenev, B. Shamanov, N. Shteinmiller and other artists from Leningrad.


1968

The third all-Union Congress of Artists takes place in Moscow. Sculptor Tomsky is elected the president of the USSR Academy of Arts. He will remain at the head of the Academy till 1983.

The second Congress of the Artists of RSFSR takes place in Moscow.

The Fall Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes P. Alberti, V. Bazhenov, I. Varichev, A. Vasiliev, V. Gorb, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, G. Kotiantz, E. Kostenko, V. Krantz, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, N. Mukho, M. Natarevich,  V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, L. Orekhov, V. Otiev, M. Rudnitskaya, I. Savenko, V. Sakson, A.M. Semionov, A.N. Semionov, E. Skuin, K. Slavin, A. Stolbov, N. Timkov, G. Tatarinov, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, B. Shamanov, L. Yazgur and others.


1969

The Spring Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, V. Bazhenov, V. Borisov, I. Dobrekova, I. Varichev, V. Vatenin, N. Galakhov, M. Kozell, M. Kopitseva, G. Kotiantz, V. Krantz, B. Lavrenko, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, A. Naumov, V. Otiev, I. Savenko, A.M. Semionov, E. Skuin, B. Shamanov, A. Shmidt, L. Yazgur, V. Zagonek and others.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists takes place in Turku, Finland.

Exhibition Ilya Repin and His Disciples opens at the Academy of Arts Museum.


1970

Exhibition of the works by Leningrad artists dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the Soviet victory over fascist Germany. The list of participants includes Y. Belov, V. Borisov, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev, V. Gavrilov, M. Kozell, E. Kostenko, Y. Krestovsky, B. Lavrenko, I. Lavsky, M. Natarevich, Y. Neprintsev, D. Oboznenko, I. Savenko, V. Seleznev, A.N. Semionov, N. Timkov, B. Fedorov, Y. Tulin, A. Troshichev, R. Vovkushevsky and others.

A new Exhibition Center of the RSFSR Union of Artists is opened on Sverdlovskaya embankment in Leningrad.

Exhibition of the works by Leningrad artists 1870-1970. Dedicated to Lenin.

The Fall Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes N. Baskakov, V. Borisov, K. Rumiantseva, V. Gavrilov, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, A. Koroviakov, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, V. Krantz, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, P. Nazarov, V. Nazina, A. Nenartovich, D. Oboznenko, L. Orekhov, S. Osipov, V. Otiev, B. Petrov, N. Pozdneev, S. Rotnitsky, I. Savenko, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, I. Getmanskya, A. Stolbov, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, L. Tkachenko, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev, S. Frolov, L. Fokin, B. Shamanov, A. Shmidt, L.Yazgur and others.


1971

The Spring Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, V. Borisov, V. Vatenin, N. Galakhov, V. Zagonek, R. Zakharian, M. Kozell, B. Korneev, V. Krantz, E. Kostenko, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, V. Nazina, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, I. Savenko, V. Sakson, A.M. Semionov, A. Tatarenko, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, Y. Tulin, A. Shmidt and others.

The third Congress of the RSFSR artists takes place in Moscow.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists Our contemporary opens at the State Russian Museum.

The Fall Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes P. Alberti, K. Rumiantseva, N. Galakhov, V. Gorb, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, Y. Krestovsky, I. Lavsky, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, A. Naumov, D. Oboznenko, S. Osipov, B. Petrov, N. Pozdneev, I. Savenko, V. Seleznev, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, E. Skuin, A. Stolbov, G. Tatarinov, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev, S. Frolov, B. Shamanov, I. Dobrekova and others.


1972

Exhibition of Leningrad artists Across the Motherland opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, N. Baskakov, O. Bogaevskaya, I. Varichev, V. Vatenin, I. Veselkin, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev, I. Dobrekova, V. Zagonek, I. Kalaskin, M. Kaneev, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, M. Kozell, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, N. Kostrov, G. Kotiantz, Y. Krestovsky, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, O. Lomakin, E. Moiseenko, P. Nazarov, S. Nevelshtein, D. Oboznenko, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, S. Rotnitsky, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, V. Sakson, A.N. Semionov, A. Sokolov, G. Tatarinov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, M. Trufanov, V. Tulenev, Y. Tulin, S. Frolov, A. Shmidt and others.

Painter Piotr Fomin is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists Our contemporary opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes N. Baskakov, I. Baldina, Y. Belov, V. Vatenin, I. Veselkin, T. Gorb, I. Dobrekova, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, I. Kalaskin, Y. Khukhrov, E. Kozlov, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, B. Lavrenko, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, E. Moiseenko, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, Y. Neprintsev, L. Orekhov, V. Otiev, N. Pozdneev, I. Savenko, A. Shmidt, G. Smirnova, I. Sorokin, A. Stolbov, A. Tatarenko, N. Timkov, A. Tokareva, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev and others.

Exhibition of the Eleven opens in Leningrad. This group of artists includes E. Antipova, V. Vatenin, G. Yegoshin, V. Teterin, L. Tkachenko, V. Tulenev, B. Shamanov, Y. Krestovsky and others.


1973

Exhibition of paintings by contemporary Soviet artists opens at the Gekkoso gallery in Tokyo. Among its participants, there are M. Kozell, D. Maevsky, V. Krantz, V. Tokarev, I. Lavsky, A. Mylnikov, M. Tkachev and other artists from Leningrad.

Exhibition of Leningrad painters entitled Still Life shows the works of P. Alberti, E. Baykova, Y. Belov, O. Bogaevskaya, N. Brandt, V. Vatenin, T. Gorb, S. Zakharov, R. Zakharian, T. Kopnina, G. Kotiantz, L. Milova, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, E. Skuin, V. Tokarev and others.

Exhibition of works by Leningrad artists-veterans of the Great Patriotic War.

The third exhibition of Leningrad artists Our contemporary opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes N. Baskakov, Y. Belov, A. Vasiliev, N. Galakhov, V. Gorb, T. Gorb, E. Gorokhova, A. Eremin, E. Kozlov, T. Kopnina, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, B. Lavrenko, V. Monakhova, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, D. Oboznenko, N. Pozdneev, G. Rumiantseva, A. Stolbov, Y. Khukhrov and others.

The Fall Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes I. Veselkin, V. Gavrilov, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev, V. Gorb, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, G. Kotiantz, V. Krantz, I. Lavsky, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, B. Petrov, N. Pozdneev, V. Sakson, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, E. Skuin, G. Tatarinov, N. Timkov, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev, L. Fokin, I. Dobrekova, Y. Shablikin, B. Shamanov, L.Yazgur and others.


1974

Exhibition of Leningrad artists dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the defeat of fascist troops near Leningrad.

Isaac Brodsky’s (1884-1939) solo exhibition at the Academy of Arts Museum dedicated to the 90th anniversary of his birth.

Alexander Samokhvalov’s (1894-1971) solo exhibition at the State Russian Museum dedicated to the 80th anniversary of his birth.

The Spring Exhibition of the Works by Leningrad Artists opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes V. Borisov, N. Galakhov, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, V. Krantz, B. Lavrenko, I. Lavsky, O. Lomakin, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, S. Osipov, B. Petrov, N. Pozdneev, V. Sakson, A.N. Semionov, G. Tatarinov, N. Timkov, V. Tulenev, I. Dobrekova, A. Shmidt, L. Yazgur and others.

Exhibition of amateur artists takes place at the I. Gaz Palace of Culture. In the history of the Leningrad underground this exhibition is regarded as the first show of ‘non-official art’ to be allowed in the city.


1975

Exhibition of Leningrad artists dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Soviet victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. The list of participants includes E. Baykova, Y. Belov, A. Vasiliev, V. Golubev, R. Zakharian, E. Kozlov, E. Kostenko, B. Lavrenko, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, N. Mukho, S. Nevelshtein, D. Oboznenko, B. Petrov, S. Rotnitsky, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, A.N. Semionov, A. Tatarenko, G. Tatarinov, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev and others.

Monument to the Heroic Defenders of Leningrad is opened on Victory square. The monument is authored by sculptor M. Anikushin and architect S. Speransky.

Exhibition of Leningrad women artists gather the works by E. Baykova, K. Rumiantseva, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, V. Nazina, G. Sokolova and others.

Exhibition of Leningrad artists Our contemporary opens at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, T. Afonina, V. Bantikov, N. Baskakov, V. Borisov, A. Vasiliev, E. Gorokhova, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, V. Krantz, D. Maevsky, P. Nazarov, Y. Neprintsev, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, A. Pushnin, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, Y. Khukhrov, B. Shamanov, L. Yazgur and others.

The fifth republican exhibition Soviet Russia takes place in Moscow. The list of participants includes I. Baldina, D. Belyaev, Y. Besperstov, N. Brandt, I. Varichev, N. Galakhov, E. Galunov, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, M. Kaneev, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, N. Kostrov, Y. Krestovsky, O. Lomakin, Y. Neprintsev, D. Oboznenko, S. Rotnitsky, G. Savinov, I. Savenko, N. Timkov, V. Tokarev, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, B. Shamanov and other artists from Leningrad.

The fourth Congress of the RSFSR artists takes place in Moscow. Boris Ugarov is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Solo shows of Nikolai Timkov, Gavriil Malish and Leonid Kabachek take place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Boris Korneev’s solo exhibition opens at the Academy of Arts.

The second exhibition of amateur artists takes place at the Nevsky Palace of Culture. In the history of the Leningrad underground, this is the second show of ‘non-official art’ to be allowed in the city. Later, the phenomenon of the non-official art of the 1970s will be ironically referred to as ‘Gaz-Nevsky-ness’.


1976

Engels Kozlov’s solo show opens in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Leningrad Art retro exhibition takes place in Moscow. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, O. Bogaevskaya. I. Brodsky, P. Buchkin, I. Varichev, A. Vasiliev, N. Veselova, V. Vatenin, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, S. Zakharov, M. Kaneev, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, Y. Krestovsky, B. Lavrenko, O. Lomakin, A. Lubimov, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, E. Moiseenko, L. Milova, A. Mylnikov, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, Y. Neprintsev, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, V. Oreshnikov, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, A. Pushnin, S. Rotnitsky, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, V. Seleznev, V. Serov, A.N. Semionov, A.M. Semionov, A. Sokolov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, V. Tokarev, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev, B. Ugarov, R. Frentz, L. Fokin, P. Fomin, B. Shamanov and other artists from Leningrad.


1977

Exhibition Soviet Portrait takes place in Moscow.

Exhibition 60 Years of Soviet Art opens in Paris, France.

Exhibition 60 Years of Soviet Art takes place in Helsinki and Kemi, Finland.

Exhibition Self-Portrait in Russian and Soviet Art opens at the State Russian Museum.

Solo shows of Arseny Semionov, Sergei Osipov and Kirill Gushchin take place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Boris Ugarov is appointed Rector of the Ilya Repin Institute.

Republican exhibition of artists from RSFSR 60 Years of Great October opens in Moscow. The list of participants includes A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, M. Kopitseva, V. Krantz, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, E. Moiseenko, V. Ovchinnikov, A.M. Semionov, N. Timkov, V. Tulenev, B. Shamanov and other artists from Leningrad.

The fifth all-Union Congress of Artists takes place in Moscow.

Solo shows of Ivan Godlevsky, Vasily Vikulov, Vladimir Malagis, Iya Venkova and Alexander Vedernikov take place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

On 5 November exhibition of Leningrad artists Art Belongs to People at the city’s new exhibition grounds, Central Exhibition Hall Manege. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, V. Bazhenov, I. Baldina, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, V. Borisov, I. Brodsky, I. Varichev, A. Vasiliev, V. Vatenin, I. Veselkin, R. Frentz, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev, V. Gorb, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, M. Kaneev, N. Kostrov, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, M. Kozlovskaya, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, V. Krantz, Y. Krestovsky, I. Lavsky, B. Lavrenko, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, G. Malish, E. Moiseenko, A. Mylnikov, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich,  S. Nevelshtein, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, S. Rotnitsky, I. Savenko, G. Savinov, A.M. Semionov, A.N. Semionov, E. Skuin, A. Sokolov, A. Stolbov, G. Tatrinov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, V. Tulenev, Y. Khukhrov, Y. Shablikin, B. Shamanov, A. Shmidt, L.Yazgur and others.


1978

Exhibition Petersburg-Petrograd-Leningrad Portrayed by Artists opens at the Museum of the History of Leningrad.

The fifth exhibition of Leningrad artists Portrait of the Contemporary takes place at the State Russian Museum. The list of participants includes T. Afonina, N. Baskakov, D. Belyaev, I. Veselkin, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev, A. Eremin, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, M. Kopitseva, B. Lavrenko, D. Maevsky, O. Lomakin, V. Ovchinnikov, L. Orekhov, S. Rotnitsky, I. Savenko, V. Seleznev, A.M. Semionov, A.N. Semionov, V. Tokarev, V. Tulenev, L. Fokin and others.

The Fall Exhibition of Leningrad Artists takes place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists. The list of participants includes P. Alberti, T. Afonina, V. Bazhenov, I. Baldina, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, V. Borisov, A. Vasiliev, N. Galakhov, A. Eremin, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, V. Krantz, D. Maevsky, N. Mukho, V. Mylnikova, V. Nazina, A. Naumov, V. Otiev, E. Pozdnekov, A.M. Semionov, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, V. Tulenev, B. Ugarov, B. Utekhin, Y. Khukhrov, B. Shamanov and others.


1979

The Spring Exhibition of Leningrad Artists takes place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Yuri Neprintsev’s solo show opens at the Academy of Arts Museum. It is times to the artist’s 70th birthday and the 50th anniversary of his art activities.

Solo shows of Georgy Tatarnikov, Alexander Lubimov, Gevork Kotiantz, Anna Kostrova, Nikolai Kostrov, Konstantin Belokurov, Olga Efimova, Yuri Tulin, Vladimir Starov, and Yakov Golubev in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

The all-Union art exhibition The Blue Roads of Motherland takes place in Moscow. Among its participants, there are N. Baskakov, Y. Besperstov, N. Galakhov, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, M. Kaneev, M. Kozlovskaya, M. Kopitseva, V. Sakson, A. Tatarenko, N. Timkov, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev, E. Chuprun and other artists from Leningrad.

The fourth all-Union art exhibition Sport and Art takes place in Moscow.

Sculptor Yury Lokhovinin is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.


1980

Exhibition of Leningrad artists opens at the Central Exhibition Hall Manege. The list of participants includes E. Antipova, T. Afonina, V. Bazhenov, N. Baskakov, P. Belousov, V. Borisov, I. Veselkin, N. Galakhov, V. Golubev, E. Gorokhova, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, G. Kotiantz, V. Krantz, O. Lomakin, G. Malish, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, V. Otiev, G. Rumiantseva, L. Russov, G. Savinov, A.N. Semionov, E. Skuin, A. Stolbov, G. Tatarinov, V. Teterin, V. Tulenev, Y. Khukhrov, E. Chuprun, Y. Shablikin and others.

Solo shows of Elena Skuin, Vladimir Tokarev, Nikolai Volodimirov, Lyudmila Ronchevskaya, and Vladimir Andreev take place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Retro exhibition The Youth of the Soviet Country opens at the State Russian Museum. It shows the works by A. Samokhvalov, E. Moiseenko, K. Petrov-Vodkin, V. Lebedev, L. Kabachek, A. Yakovlev and other Leningrad artists from the Museum collection.

Exhibition of seven Leningrad artists P. Litvinsky, V. Maksimikhin, P. Pinkava, T. Polosatova, Y. Shablikin, E. Gorokhova, and A. Stolbov at the exhibition hall of the RSFSR Union of Artists.


1981

Republican exhibition Across the Motherland takes place in Moscow. Among its participants, there are N. Galakhov, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, M. Kopitseva, Y. Krestovsky, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, I. Savenko, V. Sakson, N. Timkov, V. Tokarev, V. Tulenev and other artists from Leningrad.

Exhibition of 1955 graduates of the Ilya Repin Institute.

Solo shows of Yaroslav Krestovsky, Irina Broido, Krum Dzhakov, Zaven Arshakuni, German Yegoshin, Gleb Verner take place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Marina Kozlovskaya’s and Elena Kostenko’s show takes place in Belgorod.

The fifth Congess of RSFSR Artists takes place in Moscow.

Exhibitions of Leningrad artists take place in Tallinn.


1982

Exhibition of Leningrad artists dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Solo shows of Alexander Stolbov, Andrey Kochetkov, Nikolai Brandt, Mikhail Natarevich, Igor Skorobogatov, Lev Bogomolets, Solomon Epshtein, Lydia Milova, Alexander Savinov, and Piotr Korostelev take place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Solo exhibitions of Evsei Moiseenko and Boris Ugarov open at the State Russian Museum.

Boris Shamanov’s solo exhibition takes place in Moscow.

The sixth all-Union Congress of arists takes place in Moscow.

Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the KPSU Central Committee dies on 10 November. Yuri Andropov is elected General Secretary of the KPSU Central Committee.


1983

Exhibition of dimploma works 225 Years of the USSR Academy of Arts opens at the Science and Research Museum of the Academy of Arts.

Boris Ugarov is elected president of the USSR Academy of Arts. He will remain at the head of the Academy till 1991.

Solo shows of Eugenia Baykova, Vera Nazina, Ruvim Frumak, Georgy Bibikov, Alexander Tatarenko, Ruben Zakharian, and Victoria Missulovina in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Solo shows of Boris Shamanov, Nikolai Kostrov, and Sergei Osipov take place at the Central House of Artists in Moscow.

All-Union exhibition Drawing and Aquarelle takes place in Leningrad.


1984

Solo shows of Alexander Samokhvalov, Marina Kozlovskaya, German Yegoshin, Iosif Zisman, Dmitry Buchkin, Andrey Yakovlev, Maria Zubreeva and Sergei Zakharov open in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Exhibition of Isaac Brodsky’s works dedicated to the 100th anniversary since his birth opens at the Academy of Arts Museum.

Republican exhibition Blue Lands of Russia takes place in Moscow. Among its participants, there are N. Galakhov, V. Sakson, A. Tatarenko, N. Timkov, V. Tulenev, V. Frentz and other artists from Leningrad.


1985

Mikhail Gorbachev is elected the General Secretary of CPSU. New political course declared: perestroika and glasnost.

All-Russian exhibition Peace Defended – Peace Guarded dedicated to the 40th anniversary of the Soviet victory in the Great Patriotic War takes place in Moscow. Participants: I. Baldina, A. Eremin, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, B. Lavrenko, Y. Neprintsev, D. Oboznenko, S. Rudnev, V. Sakson, V. Tulenev, B. Ugarov, L. Chegorovsky and other Leningrad artists.

Exhibition of Leningrad artists-veterans of the Great Patriotic War opens at the Leningrad Union of Artists. Participants: P. Alberti, I. Varichev, P. Vasiliev, A. Vasiliev, R. Vovkushevsky, I. Godlevsky, A. Eremin, E. Zhukov, V. Zagonek, R. Zakharian, I. Kalaskin, M. Kaneev, G. Kozell, G. Kotiantz, B. Lavrenko, O. Lomakin, D. Maevsky, E. Moiseenko, P. Nazarov, Y. Neprintsev, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, L. Orekhov, E. Pozdnekov, S. Rotnitsky, G. Savinov, A. N. Semionov, A. Tatarenko, G. Tatarinov, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, M. Trufanov, V. Chekalov, E. Chuprun, A. Shmidt and others.

Exhibitions of Victor Oreshnikov and Mikhail Trufanov at the Academy of Arts.

Personal exhibitions of Samuil Nevelshtein, Vitaly Tulenev, Valery Vatenin, Gennady Kozlovsky, Valentina Rakhina, Lev Volshtein, Vladimir Turbasov at the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Exhibition of Gevork Kotiantz in Moscow.

Leningrad Artists Struggling for Peace exhibition in Turku, Finland. Participants:  E. Kozlov, B. Shamanov, E. Moiseenko, L. Tkachenko, S. Osipov, V. Tulenev, V. Zagonek, V. Vatenin, L. Milova and others.


1986

Solo shows of Alexander Romanychev, Boris Lavrenko, Andrei Khaustov, Elena Kostenko, Elena Zhukova, Mikhail Zheleznov, Yaroslav Nikolaev, Piotr Buchkin, Sergei Frolov, Yaroslav Krestovsky, and Yuri Mezhirov.

Sculptor Mikhail Anikushin is elected chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Exhibition of artists-veterans of the Great Patriotic War.

The third common exhibition of artists from Leningrad and Dresden We’re Sworn Brothers. Among its participants, there are A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, M. Kaneev, V. Nazina, S. Osipov, V. Teterin, L. Tkachenko, V. Tulenev, B. Shamanov and others.



1987

Solo shows of Piotr Belousov, Alexander Semionov, Boris Nikolaev, Kirill Gushchin, Valentina Rakhina, Olga Bogaevskaya, Solomon Gershov, and Abram Rabkin.

Exhibition of artists-veterans of the Great Patriotic War takes place in the premises of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Retro exhibition Liberated Man dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution opens at the State Russian Museum. The show presents painting by A. Samokhvalov, A. Matveev, N. Altman, V. Lebedev, K. Petrov-Vodkin, P. Fomin, A. Romanychev, V. Tulenev, V. Konashevich, V. Kurdov, B. Ugarov, E. Moiseenko, N. Tyrsa, A. Mylnikov, A. Yakovlev and other Leningrad artists.

Exhibition of Leningrad artists dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.


1988

Personal exhibitions of Nikolay Galakhov, Leonid Tkachenko, Dmitry Belyaev, Eugenia Antipova, Elena Zhukova, Viktor Teterin, Alexander Stolbov, Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Margarita Piskareva, Boris Ugarov, Vasily Savinsky, Mikhail Bobyshov, Victor Reykhet.

Exhibition of artists-veterans of the Great Patriotic War.

Still Life and Interior exhibition in Leningrad.

Contemporary Leningrad Art exhibition openes on 16 December at Manege exhibition hall. This is the first exhibition to combine the works of the artists belonging to the Leningrad Union of Aritsts (mainly its left wing) and the works of amateur artists. The exhibition allowed for the unbiased comparison of trends and the quality levels of the works presented.


1989

The exhibition dedicated to the 45th anniversary of the lifting of the siege opens at the Leningrad Union of Artists. Participants: E. Baykova, N. Baskakov, L. Bogomolets, A. Vasiliev, B. Korneev, O. Lomakin, P. Nazarov, A. Semionov, Y. Neprintsev, G. Malish, N. Timkov, S. Frolov and others.

Personal exhibitions of Georgy Savitisky, Yuri Neprintsev, Alexey Mozhaev, Gavriil Malish, Nikolay Mukho, Alexander Shmidt, Piotr Lvov.

First auction of Russian paintings of the Leningrad Shool (L’Ecole de Leningrad) at Drouot, Paris.


1990

Personal exhibitions of Vecheslav Zagonek, Pavel Kondratyev, Abram Grushko, Ivan Savenko.

Painter Eugeny Maltsev is elected the chairman of the Leningrad Union of Artists.

Oleg Yeremeev is elected Rector of the Ilya Reping Institute.

The first exhibition of Soviet art opened in Springville Art Museum, Utah. In the next 15 years this museum will house more then 25 exhibitions of Soviet realist art of 1930-1980, introducing such artists as S. Rotnitsky, O. Lomakin, N. Timkov, E. Kozlov, A. Mozhaev, M. Tkachev, V. Ovchinnikov, N. Galakhov, T. Kopnina, A. Tatarenko, N. Veselova, V. Nazina and others.


1991

Personal exhibitions of Vitaly Tulenev, Sergei Osipov, Mikhail Kozell, Vasily Golubev, Gleb Savinov, and Semyon Rotnitsky.

Annual exhibition of Leningrad artists-veterans of the Great Patriotic War. Participants: I. Venkova, N. Kochukov, A. Gulyaev, O. Yeremeev, R. Zakharian, I. Kalaskin, M. Kozell, G. Kotiantz, A. Koroviakov, T. Kopnina, A. Ketov, O. Lomakin, Y. Neprintsev, R. Vovkushevsky, A. Pushnin, E. Pozdnekov, S. Rotnitsky, A. Semionov, A. Tatarenko, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, S. Frolov, A. Shmidt and others.

On 12 June Boris Yeltsin is elected the first president of Russia.

Art under Stalin by Matthew Bown, one of the leading western specialists in Soviet art of 1930-1980, is published.

19-21 August: an attempt of coup in Moscow.

On 6 September Leningrad regains its historical name St. Petersburg as a result of city referendum.

In December leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belorussia declare the dissolution of the USSR and establish the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). In the end of December in Almaty leaders of 8 former republics join the Commonwealth, ultimately dissolving the Soviet Union.


1992

Exhibitions of Vecheslav Nabatov, Piotr Litvinsky, Vladimir Maksimikhin, Rostislav Pinkava, Tamara Polosatova, Yuri Shablikin, Viktor Sharanovich, Lev Bogomolets, Semyon Rotnitsky.

N. Ponomarev elected the president of the Russian Academy of Arts. He will be holding this position till 1997.

Exhibition Soviet Socialist Realist Painting 1930s–1960s opens at the Museum of Modern Art, Oxford. It includes sixty paintings that thereafter travel to museums on the Continent. David Elliott, Matthew Bown, and Alexander Sidorov publish a color catalogue.

First auctions of art of Petersburg school (L’Ecole de Saint-Petersburg) at Drouot, Paris.


1993

Personal exhibitions of Gerta Nemenova, Yuri Podlyasky, Viktoria Belakovskaya, Anatoly Proshkin, and Victor Proshkin.

A Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Artists 1420–1970 by John Milner is published in U.K.


1994

Personal exhibitions of Veniamin Borisov, Vsevolod Bazhenov, and Vladimir Lebedev.

The Leningrad Artists. Paintings of 1950-1980 exhibition openes on 31 March at the House of St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: P. Alberty, T. Afonina, P. Buchkina, V. Bazhenov, V. Borisov, Y. Belov, P. Belousov, I. Baldina, A. Vasiliev, P. Vasiliev, I. Veselkin, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, I. Dobrekova, A. Eremin, M. Kopitseva, A. Koroviakov, M. Kozlovskaya, P. Litvinsky, D. Maevsky, V. Malevsky, N. Medovikov, A. Mukho, A. Naumov, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, A. Nenartovich, S. Osipov, V. Ovchinnikov, V. Otiev, N. Pozdneev, G. Rumiantseva, L. Russov, A. Samokhvalov, A. M. Semionov, G. Tatarinov, L. Tkachenko, M. Tkachev, N. Timkov, Y. Khukhrov, V. Chekalov, E. Chuprun, N. Shteinmiller and others.

Hidden Treasures: Russian and Soviet Impressionism exhibition opened in the Fleischer Museum, Arizona (USA). The book of the similar title by V. Svenson is published for the exhibition. Works of N. Baskakov, O. Lomakin, N. Timkov, S. Rotnitsky, E. Kozlov, M. Tkachev and other artists are presented.

Leningrad Painting of 1960-1980 exhibition (from the collections of St. Petersburg Union of Artists) opens in Pont-Audemer, France. Participants: I. Veselkin, I. Kalaskin, V. Sakson, E. Skuin, Y. Tulin, A. N. Semionov, A. Shmidt, V. Tulenev, E. Kostenko, M. Natarevich, V. Monakhova, I. Varichev, M. Kopitseva, B. Lavrenko, I. Savenko, N. Brandt, N. Timkov, M. Kozlovskaya, G. Kotiantz, A. Grushko, L. Milova, V. Golubev and others.

Agitating for Happines. Soviet art of Stalin Times exhibition at the State Russian Museum and in the Kassel Museum, Bremen.

Study in the Works of Leningrad Artists. 1940-1980 exhibition opens in December at the Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial Apartment. Participants: P. Alberti, E. Antipova, T. Afonina, V. Bazhenov, I. Baldina, V. Borisov, A. Vasiliev, I. Veselkin, N. Galakhov, A. Grushko, V. Zagonek, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, A. Kozlovskaya, M. Kozell, B. Korneev, A. Koroviakov, I. Lavsky, D. Maevsky, N. Medovikov, V. Monakhova, A. Naumov, A. Nenartovich, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, L. Orekhov, V. Otiev, N. Pozdneev, L. Russov, A. Samokhvalov, A. Semionov, N. Timkov, A. Tatarinov, L. Tkachenko, A. Troshichev, Y. Khukhrov, V. Chekalov, E. Chuprun, N. Shteinmiller, L. Yazgur and others.


1995

Personal exhibitions of Rostislav Vovkushevsky and Vladimir Krantz at the Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial Apartment.

Exhibition of Leningrad artists Russian Winters opens in March at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: M. Kozlovskaya, Y. Neprintsev, A. Mylnikov, L. Oboznenko, N. Timkov, Y. Tulin, B. Shamanov and others.

Retro exhibition of Leningrad (St. Petersburg) artists dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the victory in the Great Patriotic War opens in May at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: Y. Belov, R. Vovkushevsky, P. Belousov, A. Grushko, A. Ketov, E. Kozlov, B. Korneev, O. Lomakin, M. Natarevich, G. Savinov, M. Tkachev, M. Trufanov, A. Semionov and others.

On 22 December, Russian Winter in Paintings of Leningrad Artists opens at the Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial Apartment. Participants: P. Alberti, T. Afonina, V. Bazhenov, V. Borisov, Z. Bizova, V. Golubev, A. Grushko, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, B. Korneev, M. Kozlovskaya, V. Kranz, D. Maevsky, I. Lavsky, A. Nenartovich, D. Oboznenko, V. Ovchinnikov, S. Osipov, E. Pozdnekov, A. Semionov, I. Sorokin, G. Tatarinov, A. Tatarenko, L. Tkachenko, B. Utekhin, N. Shteinmiller, L. Yazgur and others.


1996

Paintings of 1940-1990. The Leningrad School exhibition at the Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial Apartment. Participants: P. Alberti, T. Afonina, V. Bazhenov, I. Baldina, V. Borisov, A. Vasiliev, I. Veselkin, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, T. Gorb, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, E. Zhukov, R. Zakharian, M. Kaneev, M. Kozell, M. Kopitseva, A. Korovyakov, V. Kranz, I. Lavsky, Y. Lebedev, P. Litvinsky, D. Maevsky, V. Monakhova, N. Medovikov, M. Natarevich, S. Nevelshtein, V. Ovchinnikov, L. Orekhov, S. Osipov, V. Otiev, N. Pozdneev, E. Pozdnekov, G. Rumiantseva, L. Russov, A. Samokhvalov, A. M. Semionov, G. Tatatinov, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, L. Tkachenko, V. Chekalov, N. Shteinmiller and others.

Retro exhibition of Sergey Zakharov and Maria Zubreeva at Manege exhibition hall.


1997

Personal exhibitions of Boris Korneev, Gavriil Malish, Vitaly Tulenev, Lia Ostrova.

Still Life 1950-1990. The Leningrad School opens at Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial Apartment in April. Participants: P. Alberti, T. Afonina, Y. Belov, V. Borisov, P. Vasiliev, N. Veselova, R. Vovkushevsky, M. Kopitseva, A. Koroviakov, P. Litvinsky, P. Nazarov, S. Nevelshtein, A. Nenartovich, S. Osipov, N. Pozdneev, E. Pozdnekov, K. Rumiantseva, L. Russov, E. Skuin, N. Shteinmiller and others.

Sping ’97 exhibition at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: V. Borisov, P. Buchkin, T. Gorb, I. Dobrekova, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, B. Lavrenko, O. Lomakin, A. Tatarenko, G. Tatarinov, Y. Khukhrov and others.

Link of Times exhibition dedicated to the 65th anniversary of the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: E. Antipova, I. Baldina, N. Baskakov, V. Borisov, I. Brodsky, P. Buchkin, R. Vovkushevsky, N. Galakhov, T. Gorb, E. Gorokhova, A. Eremin, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, T. Kopnina, M. Kopitseva, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, Y. Krestovsky, V. Lyapkalo, V. Nazina, M. Natarevich, Y. Neprintsev, C. Rotnitsky, G. Rumiantseva, A. Rylov, G. Savinov, N. Savenko, A. Samokhvalov, E. Skuin, G. Tatarinov, V. Teterin, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, M. Trufanov, N. Tyrsa, R. Frentz, Y. Khukhrov, B. Shamanov and others.

Sculptor Z. Tsereteli is elected the president of the Russian Academy of Arts.

Tribute to the Maitre. St. Petersburg Artists of Alexander Osmerkin Workshop exhibition at Nikolai Nekrasov Memorial Apartment. Participants: E. Antipova, E. Baykova, O. Bogaevskaya, I. Godlevsky, E. Moiseenko, L. Orekhov, G. Savinov, E. Skuin, V. Teterin and others.

Fall ’97 exhibition at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: D. Belyaev, I. Varichev, K. Ivanov, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, O. Lomakin, L. Milova, D. Oboznenko, L. Ostrova, S. Rotnitsky, M. Ruban, A. Tatarenko, G. Tatarinov, B. Shamanov and others.


1998

Exhibition of new works by St. Petersburg artist at Manege exhibition hall. Participants: E. Antipova, G. Yegoshin, A. Kochetkov, Y. Pavlov, V. Rakhina, V. Tabanin, O. Tatarnikov, L. Tkachenko, V. Tulenev, B. Shamanov and others.

Exhibition of Alexander Lubimov (1879-1955) at the Science and Research Museum of the Academy of Arts.

Exhibition Socialist Realism Art from Private Collections opens at the Springville Art Museum, Utah (USA). Over 150 works of 1930-1980 are presented. Participants: S. Rotnitsky, O. Lomakin, N. Baskakov, N. Timkov, E. Kozlov and other Leningrad artists.

The first CD album Leningrad - St. Petersburg Paintings: 1948-1998. From Private Collections comes out. This digital album contains vast biographical data, over 400 photographs and documents from private collections as well as over 800 paintings by 60 Leningrad artists, including E. Antipova, V. Bazhenov, E. Baykova, I. Baldina, R. Vovkushevsky, A. Grushko, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, M. Kaneev, M. Kozlovskaya, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, V. Kranz, B. Lavrenko, L. Orekhov, S. Osipov, L. Russov, G. Savinov, E. Skuin, V. Teterkin, N. Timkov, M. Tkachev, L. Tkachenko, Y. Tulin, V. Tulenev and others.

Fall ’98 exhibition at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: R. Adgamov, V. Borisov, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, V. Lyapkalo, D. Oboznenko, V. Otiev, A. Tatarenko, G. Tatarinov, M. Trufanov and others.

Exhibition Historic Treasures: Utopian Spirit opens at the Fleischer Museum, Scottsdale, Arizona. The exhibition catalogue: Donna H. Fleischer, Marissa Onheiber, and Vern G. Swanson, Historic Treasures: Utopian Spirit: Russian Impressionism 1930-1980s.

Matthew Cullerne Bown, Socialist Realist Painting. Yale University Press.

Matthew Cullerne Bown, A Dictionary of Twentieth Century Russian and Soviet Painters 1900-1980s. Izomar, London.


1999

Exhibition of new works by St. Petersburg artist at Manege exhibition hall. Participants: E. Antipova, V. Anopova, S. Bakhtiyarova, O. Betekhtin, I. Venkova, G. Yegoshin, D. Oboznenko, Y. Pavlov, V. Rakhina, B. Shamanov and others.

Retro exhibition of Eugenia Antipova and Viktor Teterin at Manege exhibition hall.

Exhibition of Andrey Mylnikov at the State Russian Museum dedicated to the 85th anniversary of the artist.

Exhibition of Yaroslav Nikolayev (1899-1978) at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists dedicated to the 100th anniversary of his birth.


2000

Vladimir Putin elected the president of Russia.

All-Russian exhibition 55 years of the Great Victory opens in Moscow

Exhibition of new works by St. Petersburg artist at Manege exhibition hall. Participants: E. Antipova, D. Buchkin, I. Venkova, K. Gushchin, G. Yegoshin, I. Zisman, E. Kostenko, V. Rakhina, A. Stolbov, L. Tkachenko, Y. Shablikin, B. Shamanov, E. Shramm and others.


2001

Personal exhibitions of Yuri Tulin, Victoria Belakoskaya, Semion Rotnitsky at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists.

Moscow- - St. Petersburg exhibition at Moscow Manege. Participants: V. Andreev, D. Belyaev, V. Borisov, A. Bliok, V. Golubev, E. Vyrzhikovsky, L. Guley, M. Davidson, G. Yegoshin, A. Eremin, E. Kozlov, M. Kopitseva, L. Milova, V. Nazina, Tulenev and other St. Petersburg artists.

Albert Charkin elected Rector of Ilya Repin Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

Soviet Impressionism by Vern G. Swanson, director of the Springville Museum of Art and an eminent specialist in Soviet painting, comes out in U.K. The book presents the works of N. Galakhov, M. Tkachev, T. Kopnina, E. Kostenko, V. Ovchinnikov, M. Zheleznov, N. Timkov, N. Veselova, V. Nazina, O. Lomakin, A. Tatarenko, P. Belousov, S. Rotnitsky and other Leningrad artists.


2002

Exhibition of Vladimir Kranz at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists.

Artists to the City exhibition at Manege exhibition hall dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: E. Antipova, Y. Belov, D. Belyaev, A. Bliok, V. Borisov, L Bogomolets, L. Vaishlya, I. Varichev, N. Galakhov, T. Gorb, M. Davidson, O. Eremeev, G. Yegoshin, A. Ivasenko, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, A. Levitin, G. Moroz, V. Nazina, S. Rotnitsky, I. Savenko, G. Tatarinov, V. Tulenev, B. Shamanov, E. Shramm and others.

Exhibition of Eduard Shramm at Isaak Brodsky Memorial Apartment.


2003

Retro exhibition of Yuri Tulin (1921-1986) at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists.

Artists to the City exhibition at Manege exhibition hall dedicated to the tercentenary of St. Petersburg. Participants: E. Antipova, V. Borisov, T. Gorb, K. Gushchin, G. Yegoshin, A. Ivasenko, M. Kaneev, E. Kozlov, B. Korneev, E. Kostenko, Y. Krestovsky, B. Lavrenko, L. Milova, E. Moiseenko, A. Mylnikov, Y. Nikolaev, D. Oboznenko, L. Ostrova, G. Savinov, A. Samokhvalov, V. Teterin, M. Trufanov, Y. Tulin, B. Shamanov and others.

Personal exhibitions of Yuri Khukhrov, Maria Davidson, Gavriil Malish at Isaak Brodsky Memorial Apartment.

Fall exhibition at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: E. Antipova, D. Belyaev, V. Borisov, M. Kopitseva, P. Korostelev, E. Kostenko, V. Kranz, V. Lubimova, L. Milova, V. Nazina, V. Tulenev, B. Shamanov, E. Shramm and others.

Legacy of a Dynamic Era: Russian Impressionism 1930-1980s at the Overland Gallery of Fine Art, Scottsdale, Arizona (USA). Participants: E. Kozlov, M. Kozell, Y. Shablikin, O. Lomakin, A. Gritsay and others.


2004

Exhibitions of Yuri Khukhrov, Yevsey Moiseenko, Andrey Yakovlev.

Vladimir Putin re-elected the president of Russia.

Fall exhibition at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: E. Antipova, D. Belyaev, T. Gorb, G. Yegoshin, M. Kozlovskaya, M. Kopitseva, E. Kostenko, L. Milova, V. Nazina, B. Shamanov and others.


2005

Exhibitions of Elena Skuin, Gleb Savinov and Olga Bogaevskaya.

The Way to Victory exhibition at the State Russian Museum dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the victory in the Great Patriotic War.


2006

Exhibitions of Engels Kozlov, Arseny Semionov, Georgy Tatarnikov, Boris Ugarov, Vecheslav Nabatov, Piotr Buchkin, Rudolf Frenz, Pavel Filonov.

Fall exhibition at the St. Petersburg Union of Artists. Participants: I. Baldina, D. Belyaev, V. Borisov, L. Vaishlya, I. Varichev, N. Galakhov, T. Gorb, G. Yegoshin, A. Ivasenko, Y. Kalyuta, E. Kozlov, M. Kozlovskaya, E. Kostenko, B. Lavrenko, B. Shamanov and others.

Exhibition The Time of Changes. Soviet Art of 1960-1985s at the State Russian Museum. Participants: O. Bogaevskaya, V. Vatenin, A. Eremin, V. Zagonek, E. Kozlov, E. Moiseenko, S. Nevelshtein, G. Savinov, I. Serebryany, N. Timkov, L. Tkachenko, V. Tulenev, B. Ugarov, B. Shamanov and others.

Soviet Art of 1920-1950s exhibition at the Scientific and Research Institute of Russian Academy of Arts. Participants: I. Brodsky, B, Kustodiev, P. Belousov, A. Laktionov, E. Skuin, M. Rudnitskaya, N. Veselova, B. Lavrenko, V. Chekalov, L. Krivitsky, V. Pakulin, I. Andreev, L. Kabachek, P. Kiparisov, A. Gritsay and others.





Please see complete printed Russian and English versions of Chronology of The Leningrad School in new album Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School.

Buy this book on-line at Amazon.com

Copyright: Sergei V. Ivanov, 2006.

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